Both IDPs and conflict-affected communities face a shortage of income and, at times, food insecurity. During the previous phase of this programme, all groups surveyed experienced a decrease in their average monthly income between the baseline and endline surveys, with IDPs living in KIO-controlled areas being the hardest hit (from 86,263 MMK/ month to 28,514 MMK/ month). Women’s responsibilities within and outside the home have increased, with men often seeking remote job opportunities. By equipping women and men with appropriate skills and material/ financial inputs, awareness of employment rights and standards, and tackling specific barriers to women obtaining adequate returns from economic activities, DPP helps them better and more safely access markets in Myanmar’s evolving economy and raise their levels of income beyond subsistence levels. Considering women’s existing burdens, specific attention is paid to addressing these barriers to economic participation. Helping IDPs and conflict-affected communities to understand and be able to claim their rights to land supports eventual durable returns, improves livelihood security and reduces key grievances. Finally, the DPP seeks to support high value-adding livelihood opportunities that can better sustain livelihoods for more people than smaller-scale activities.