Cutting across all other areas of the DPP, women face additional barriers to social, political and economic participation in Kachin and northern Shan and unexamined gender norms and stereotypes are detrimental to both women and men. Although advancing gender equality is mainstreamed throughout the programme, the DPP works to empower individual women and also connect them in stronger networks to support each other through standalone initiatives. The DPP also targets stakeholders such as camp management and local authorities with influencing strategies to stimulate women’s participation in decision-making structures, and to address their social protection and welfare needs. In the previous phase of the DPP, it was found that acceptance of GBV had increased amongst conflict-affected communities, as well as the reported incidences of it (perhaps due to increased reporting, or due to actual increases). The DPP raises awareness of issues around gender-based violence (GBV) and preventative strategies, as well as providing support to survivors of GBV. The DPP also recognizes that, in order to bring about transformative change around gender, men need to be included in the conversation; attention is paid to understanding the impact of the protracted conflict on men and masculinity, and associated norms and behaviour, and to deploy the most suitable avenues to encourage positive masculinities that facilitate progress towards gender equity.